Video Transcript. Regional names of cyclone 1. Whatever they are called, tropical cyclones generally become weaker after they hit land, since they draw their energy from water evaporating from the oceans below them. And what about typhoon? Know all about how these phenomena are created and unleashed by turbulent weather conditions. When a tropical storm pummeled Japan on Saturday with gusts of up to 135 miles per hour, forcing millions to evacuate their homes, it was called Typhoon Hagibis. They are different from one another, yet people always confuse one with the other. The rotation of a cyclone is counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere. The sam… It comes down only to the storm’s location. As violent as they are, these storms help to regulate the global climate, by moving heat energy away from the tropics and toward the poles. ; Those that occur in the Northern Indian Ocean (the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea) are called tropical cyclones. Once a tropical cyclone reaches maximum sustained winds of 74 miles per hour or higher, it is then classified as a hurricane, typhoon, or tropical cyclone, depending upon where the storm originates in the world. Cyclones, on the other hand, can develop into two kinds of natural disasters. What is the difference between a tornado and a hurricane? According to the National Hurricane Center, storms in Category 3 or higher, which have wind speeds of at least 111 miles per hour, “are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage.”, Typhoons are monitored by the Japan Meteorological Agency, which also rates them by sustained wind speed. But a storm by any other name should still be taken seriously. A hurricane has a wind speed of over 74 mph which is much faster than a cyclone. Tropical cyclones go by different names such as hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons. Typhoons develop in the northwestern Pacific and usually threaten Asia. Typhoon, Cyclone or Hurricane? Hurricanes have warm core system, wherein the eyes are warmer than its surroundings, cyclones do not have these. • Definitions of Tropical Storm and Hurricane: • If the wind speeds of the cyclone are greater than 39 mph, it is referred to as a tropical storm. Flattened crops north of Beira, Mozambique, in the aftermath of Cyclone Idai in March. Hurricanes are rated in categories from 1 to 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which is based on sustained wind speed. Generally, around much of the Western Hemisphere, the northern Atlantic, and the northeastern Pacific, a tropical cyclone is called a hurricane. In addition to having different names, hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones also have different seasons. Powerful tropical storms occur all around the world, but what they’re called depends on where they form. In the North Atlantic, central North Pacific, and eastern North Pacific, the term hurricane is used. The international date line serves as the Pacific Ocean’s dividing marker, so when a hurricane crosses it from east to west, it becomes a typhoon instead, and vice versa. All three are tropical cyclones — circular storms that form over warm waters with very low air pressure at the center, and winds greater than 74 miles an hour. It is an organized collection of thunderstorms embedded in a swirling mass of air. A tropical cyclone that reaches speeds of at least 74 miles per hour (119 kilometers per hour) and takes place in the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, the North Atlantic Ocean and the central North Pacific Ocean is referred to as a hurricane. Cyclone is a storm or system of winds that circulates around a center of low atmospheric pressure. Cyclones are large-scale, tropical cyclones are medium in size, but when turned into hurricanes may get bigger. They are a result of atmospheric condition instability. Yahoo News A tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind (using the U.S. 1-minute average) is 64 kt (74 mph or 119 km/hr) or more. Based on the region and severity, cyclones may be referred to as typhoons or hurricanes. If a depression intensifies such that its maximum sustained winds reach 39 miles per hour, the tropical cyclone becomes a tropical storm. Cyclones in the Indian Ocean are classified according to two intensity scales, depending on where they are, with terms like “very intense tropical cyclone” and “super cyclonic storm.” Australia rates cyclones much the way North America rates hurricanes, in categories from 1 to 5. The Actual Difference Between A Hurricane, Typhoon, And Cyclone. Hurricane is a severe tropical cyclone originating in the equatorial regions of the Atlantic Ocean or Caribbean Sea or eastern regions of the Pacific Ocean, … Difference between Cyclone and Hurricane. The center of the hurricane is usually the area containing the lowest pressure this is termed as the ‘eye’ of the hurricane. Both hurricanes and typhoons are tropical cyclones—and "cyclone" is what they're called when they occur in other places, such as over the Indian Ocean. A Hurricane is simply a cyclone with varying high speeds reaching it. Well, the only real difference is WHERE the storm forms and takes place or happens. There is actually not much of a difference between them except for the area each of them will show no mercy. The next cyclone season in the South Pacific will begin on Nov. 1 and end on April 30, 2020. In this article, let us learn various differences between hurricane and cyclone. Your email address will not be published. Major Hurricane: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 111 mph (96 knots) or higher, corresponding to a Category 3, 4 or 5 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. JUSTIN POVICK: Tropical cyclones go by many names. A tropical system that occurs in the Altantic and North east Pacific ocean is called a hurricane while in the north indian ocean they are called a cyclone. The region most affected by Hurricanes is the Caribbean Sea region. Henry Piddington formed the name cyclone which means the coil of a snake. Having said this, hurricanes are a type of tropical cyclones that can wreak havoc due to their high winds, rains and floods. Hurricanes on the other hand are measured on a different scale and the intensity of the overall damage increases from 1 to 5. In the southern Indian Ocean, the season begins two weeks later and ends at the same time, except in the island nations of Mauritius and the Seychelles, where it extends to May 15. Cyclones: > cyclone can be defined as the rapid inward circulation of air masses about a low-pressure center which is circling counter-clockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern. The Atlantic hurricane season officially runs from June 1 to Nov. 30. You may also want to check out the below article for further reading on cyclone and its causes. As they are usually water based natural disasters, understanding the properties of water especially in the way it expands is important, to understand how hurricanes and cyclones work. In the Northwestern Pacific Basin, a tropical cyclone is called a typhoon. The scale used for a cyclone varies depending on its location. In other parts of the world, these storms are called severe tropical cyclones. A cyclone, unlike the other two, rotates in a clockwise motion. 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